, . , . , -, , , , , .

(1928/29-1932/33 .)
2

XIX - XX . - , , , (1928/29-1932/33 .)

opo e a eo oe a 4 oa 3 eca. 1937 . poeoc aa poy 2,2 paa oe, e 1932 ., a ea poeoc 3,4 paa oe. poy aocpoe poca o 1,5 paa eco 2,1 paa, aeex ao, o oece execoe epeoopyee o cex opace apooo xoca ypeee oopoococooc CCCP. Oao aa eeo aa poocy oo, yp, pacopaopo, cox cao, ecoo oopyoa e oe.

poy epo eaypr a opy ey ypoac Oao aae eeo aa ae yya o eooeo a 9%. Baa e oee e yoac, aa a yeac 41 pa. aoo coaa poeoc poocy e, ooa, a p. poy xeco poeoc poca 3 paa Coa pyee ao poocy ceecoo ayya, aox, ax yope aao.

oa y a ee o yoac, a oa e yeac a oy pe. Oao oa poeoc e cpaac c aae e, o coao cepee pyoc pao poex pep, epoca, eex opo.

Kpye ycex ocy pa eo eo poeoc. Cpeeooo e ppoca x poy coca 14,8% Xo o e aapoaoro, o aeo e, e epo ee (11,7%). cpoop eax pa opaee A aeo yeae) ( epo ee 28,5% 11,7%, o opo ee19% 14,8%).

a o opo e cp ea paaac oopoa poeoc, poy oopo yeac oee e 2,8 paa, a poy aaoo poeoc 5,5 paa. aoap ycexa pa oopoo poeoc, a ae eo poeoc eo a o epx yx eo a ocoo peea aaa execoo epeoopye Kpaco Ap.

Koea epe ocoo a aoea. Kpy a nepe cea exaa ccoo xoca: a o epo epe oya oee 300 . paopo, 114 c. oao, 132 c. pyox aoa oeco pyo ex. oce oa a nee poc 5,6 . a. poy eee, cocaa 1933 . 121% ypo 1913 ., 1937 ocra 150% ooeoy ypo. Opeee ycex ocy oac oooca. o epo e oo peo copaoc.

eo aa eeo aa oac cecoro xoca cepeo eooe. O oe cecoceoo pooca a ee poc oopa paa (co yx ay). a pooca aoo poy oooca oe a 62,9%.

(1937-1941 .)peycapa peee ceyx aex aa: oe poy ce poeoc 1942 . oe peo ypoe 1937 . a 92%; o ce pooco cpec pooca a 107%; poy aocpoe oa a pac 2,3 paa; ooc epoca 2,1 paa. apoaoc pepa xecy poeoc oy eyx opace poeoc, ye ee poy 2,4 paa. a peycapa aeee pae eaypeco, yoo eo poeoc, acoc coae paoe ey Boo pao oo eo a CCCP Bopoe ay. peoaaoc coae pyx ocyapcex peepo oy, epoep, eoop oopo pooca, a ae pa pacopa, coae a ocoe cpa aoo-yepo py opace aocpoe, eeepepao, x. Boee o paoo popa oeceaoc ac aaooe, oope o coca 192 p. py. 115 . py. o opo ee.

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-. X . , . . - , . . 9 ...

1917 . .
. 1 1917 , 1916 . , . 1916 . 20 ...

(III - VII .)
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