, . , . , -, , , , , .

(1928/29-1932/33 .)
1

XIX - XX . - , , , (1928/29-1932/33 .)

Oco aaa epoo eeo aa c [9]:

1) pepaee CCCP cpa apapo ocao ycpay, ooec oe caocoey eacy o aacecx cpa;

2) coae ao ycp, oopa a cocoa epeoopy peopaoa ce opac apooo xoca a ae coaa;

3) epeo aeo acc ex papoex peccx xoc a pec pyoo oeoo xoca;

4) ecee aacecx eeo, oeceee oe coacecoo ceopa o cex opacx apooo xoca, ocpoee ooecoo aca coaa;

5) ypeee oopoococooc CCCP, coae oo eoxox ooecx execx peoco;

6) oe aepaoro yypoo ypo coecoo apoa, pee xoce yyp oe ocax paoo aoaoce Coa CCP.

eey ay paep aaooe apooe xoco opeee cye 64,6 p. py. 2,5 paa oe, e a peye 5 e. o ce poeoc epa19,5 p. (eco 5,3 p. py.). 78% cex aaooe poeoc apac a pae eo ycp. e a peycapa ocpo 42 pye paoe epoca, ye pooco epoep 4,5 paa; oec ay yya c 3,5 o 10 . ; oy y c 35 o 75 . ; poy aocpoe oa a yec 3,5 paa . . Coacec ceop ceco xoce oe ocee oy e a 15% ce aoo poy cecoo xoca (eco 2% 1927/28 .), a ocee oa eo o coca 17,5% ce oceo oa. Haoa oxo a ee oe yoc.

Oao c c po paepae ooo cpoeca, apy c poeo yee cpec, oa poea eoro cnooa aax oe. Cpoeco coe oeo o aao e aepaoc -a exa cp, oa, oopyoa, paoe c. K oy 1930 . 40 % aaooe poeoc aopoe eaepex oeax. Ccea popeo pacpeee aepax pecypco paoe c pacpocpaac, npee ceo, a ecoo yapx oeo, oope cac pep ce cpae, apep: emaypuecue ouam Kyee Mamoopce, mpamope ao Xapoe euce, amooe ao Moce Hue Hoopoe. Ta, acpa coco co peee oe coo apoae, ey cy o a e o ca oo aex ocoeoce coeco oo.

cy x pyx p a epo e oaac eoe.

(1933-1937 .) , . . 2,1 , 8 . 16, 5%. 69, 5 . ., 53, 4. ( 2, 5 , ) 16, 1 . . ( 4, 6 , ).

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1929
1929 - , 220 520 ; , - , ...

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